Timber Risk Score: 100 / 100 in 2017. The Timber Legality Risk Assessment contains an evaluation of the risk of illegality in Sweden for five categories and 21 sub-categories of law. We found:
- Specified risk for 0 sub-categories.
- Low risk for 16 sub-categories.
- No legal requirements for 5 sub-categories.
This page provides an overview of the legality risks related to Timber produced in Sweden.
68.7% (28 million ha) of Sweden is covered by forests of which:
- About 9% is primary forest
- About 42% is naturally-regenerated forest
- About 49% is planted forest.
Roundwood production totalled 74.3 million m3 in 2015. The forestry sector (including wood processing and pulp and paper) contributed US$ 13.0 billion to the economy in 2011, or nearly 3.0% of the GDP.
NEPCon has evaluated Sweden as low risk for illegally harvested timber. If you are sourcing timber from Sweden you should still take care to ensure that risks are not present in your supply chains.
This risk assessment was prepared between 2014-2018 according to the FSC-STD-40-005. The approved FSC Risk Assessment can be downloaded in the FSC Document Centre. ONLY Risk Assessments that have been formally reviewed and approved by FSC can be used by an FSC candidate or certified companies in risk assessments and will meet the FSC standards without further verification.
Score: 85 / 100 in 2018
Rank: 3 out of 180 countries in 2018
There are currently no armed conflicts in Sweden according to the Council on Foreign Relations' Global Conflict Tracker
|Timber source||Description of source type|
Timber from productive forest land, defined as land that can produce at least 1 m3 stem wood including bark a year and that is not used for any other purpose such as agriculture, buildings or infrastructure. No permit is needed. The harvesting authorisation system is managed on a system of mandatory Timber Harvesting Notifications to the Swedish Forest Agency, to be submitted no later than 6 weeks before resuming harvesting operations on a specific site. This is the primary source of timber in Sweden.
Timber from forests in mountainous areas as delineated in the Swedish Forest Agency's regulation SKSFS 1991:3. A harvesting permit is required.
|Forest of ’noble’ broad leaves||Timber from stands of forest in which at least 70% of the basal area consists of broad leaved trees and at least 50% consist of oak, beech, ash, lime, elm, cherry, maple or hornbeam. A harvesting permit is required.|
Low risk of illegality. We found that any breaches of applicable laws are temporary, unusual, limited in their impact, and effectively controlled by the relevant authorities.
We have not identified any specified risks and therefore have not suggested any mitigation actions.
News and Resources
Skogsstyrelsen press release Bad list of wood products in the product gave rise to 800,000 KR
Not being able to show which woods are available in the products that are sold and thus ensure that the trees have been harvested legally can give a sensible knowledge. It shows a new verdict, the first of its kind, where a company has been sentenced to pay a 800 000 KR penalty for breach of the timber regulation. The company initially did not know the regulation and, after that, has not been able to show that you have control over what the goods you sell contain, even though you have had a long time to fix it. This is the first time we applied for judicial review for this type of case, "says Anna-Clara Sjöström, control coordinator at Skogsstyrelsen
|ClientEarth reports on Swedish companies in court for breaching the EUTR
The Swedish competent authority has filed a case against an operator that has failed to take action after receiving an injunction for breaching the EUTR. The competent authority has requested that the administrative courts apply an 800,000 SEK (approx. €80,000) fine to the non-compliant operator.
In addition, the competent authority issued a prohibition decision against an operator importing teak from Myanmar. This follows a series of legal proceedings in the EU since 2016, in relation to teak imports from Myanmar.