Timber Risk Score: 100 / 100 in 2017. The Timber Legality Risk Assessment contains an evaluation of the risk of illegality in Canada for five categories and 21 sub-categories of law. We found:
- Specified risk for 0 sub-categories.
- Low risk for 21 sub-categories.
- No legal requirements for 0 sub-categories.
This page provides an overview of the legality risks related to timber produced in Canada.
38% (347 million ha) of Canada is covered by forests of which:
- About 59% is primary forest
- About 36% is naturally-regenerated forest
- About 5% is planted forest.
Roundwood production totalled 156 million m3 in 2015. The forestry sector (including wood processing and pulp and paper) contributed US$ 19.8 billion to the country’s economy in 2011, which was nearly 1.2% of its GDP.
NEPCon has evaluated Canada as low risk for illegally harvested timber. Companies sourcing timber from Canada should still take care to ensure that risks are not present in their supply chains.
This risk assessment was prepared between 2014-2018 according to the FSC-STD-40-005. The approved FSC Risk Assessment can be downloaded in the FSC Document Centre. ONLY Risk Assessments that have been formally reviewed and approved by FSC can be used by an FSC candidate or certified companies in risk assessments and will meet the FSC standards without further verification.
News and Resources
Haida Gwaii Observer reports Kumdis wetlands to be restored after illegal logging
Haida Nation, Nature Conservancy of Canada to co-manage 140-acre wetland property. In court, the biologist called it a “fish factory” — a rare wetland by Kumdis Bay with varied streams, tidal flats, and shaded water that was once ideal for raising fish. Now, eight years after those fish-bearing streams were ruined by illegal logging, the wetland will be restored by the Haida Nation and the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC).
Global Forest Watch report INSIDER: Protecting Forests with an Unexpected Legal Tool: Freedom of Information Laws
Every year the world loses 13 million hectares (32 million acres) of forests, an area about the size of Greece. A critical way to stem this forest loss is to make concessions data about commercial activities that drive over 60 percent of global deforestation more transparent. Without data transparency, it is virtually impossible to tell how well companies are complying with concessions agreements, distinguish between legal and illegal deforestation, and bring those responsible for illegal deforestation to account.
The WRI study, Logging, Mining and Agricultural Data Transparency: A Survey of 14 Forested Countries , finds that not only are Freedom of Information (FOI) laws effective in getting access to forest information, but countries with FOI laws tend to disclose concession data more proactively than countries without them.
Score: 81 / 100 in 2018
Rank: 9 out of 180 countries in 2018
Federal and provincial restrictions on log exports.
There are currently no armed conflicts in Canada according to the Council on Foreign Relations' Global Conflict Tracker.
Low risk of illegality. We found that any breaches of applicable laws are temporary, unusual, limited in their impact, and effectively controlled by the relevant authorities.
We have not identified any specified risks and therefore have not suggested any mitigation actions.